List of Indian States and Union Territories and Their Capitals

State Capital Area Population Official Languages LargestCities Districts
/Admin
divisions
Population Density Literacy Rate% Urban Pop.
%
Sex Ratio Estd
Year
Andhra Pradesh Hyderabad (De jure – 2 June 2024) Amaravati (proposed) 160,205 km2 4,93,78,776 Telugu Visakhapatnam,
Vijayawada,
Guntur
13 67.66* 33.49* 992* 1956
Arunachal Pradesh Itanagar 83,743 km2 1,382,611 English Itanagar 17 17 /km2 66.95 22.67 920 1987
Assam Dispur 78,438 km2 31,169,272 Assamese Guwahati,
Silchar,
Dibrugarh,
Nagaon
33 397 /km2 73.18 14.08 954 1975
Bihar Patna 94,163 km2 103,804,637 Hindi Patna, Gaya,
Bhagalpur,
Muzaffarpur,
Biharsharif
38 1,102 /km2 63.82 11.30 916 1935
Chhattisgarh Raipur 135,191 km2 25,540,196 Chhattisgarhi Raipur,
Bhilai Nagar,
Korba,
Bilaspur,
Durg
27 189 /km2 71.04 23.24 991 2000
Goa Panaji 3,702 km2 1,457,723 Konkani Panaji 2 394 /km2 87.4 62.17 968 1961
Gujarat Gandhinagar 196,024 km2 60,383,628 Gujarati Ahmedabad,
Surat,
Vadodara,
Rajkot,
Bhavnagar
33 308 /km2 79.31 42.58 918 1960
Haryana Chandigarh 44,212 km2 25,353,081 Haryanvi Faridabad,
Gurgaon,
Rohtak,
Hisar,
Panipat
22 573 /km2 76.64 24.25 877 1966
Himachal Pradesh Shimla 55,673 km2 6,856,509 Hindi Shimla 12 123 /km2 83.78 10.04 974 1971
Jammu and
Kashmir
Srinagar (summer), Jammu (winter) 222,236 km2 12,548,926 Urdu Srinagar,
Jammu,
Anantnag
22 56 /km2 68.74 27.21 883 1948
Jharkhand Ranchi 79,714 km2 32,966,238 Hindi Dhanbad,
Ranchi,
Jamshedpur,
Bokaro Steel,
Mango
24 414 /km2 67.63 24.05 947 2000
Karnataka Bengaluru 191,791 km2 61,130,704 Kannada Bangalore,
Hubli
and Dharwad,
Mysore,
Gulbarga,
Belgaum
30 319 /km2 75.6 38.57 968 1956
Kerala Trivandrum 38,863 km2 33,387,677 Malayalam Trivandrum,
Kochi,
Kozhikode,
Kollam,
Thrissur
14 859 /km2 93.91 47.72 1084 1956
Madhya Pradesh Bhopal 308,245 km2 72,597,565 Hindi Indore,
Bhopal,
Jabalpur,
Gwalior,
Ujjain
51 236 /km2 70.63 27.63 930 1956
Maharashtra Mumbai 307,713 km2 112,372,972 Marathi Mumbai,
Pune,
Nagpur,
Thane,
Pimpri and
Chinchwad
36 365 /km2 82.91 45.23 946 1960
Manipur Imphal 22,327 km2 2,721,756 Meiteilon (Manipuri) Imphal 16 122 /km2 79.85 20.21 987 1947
Meghalaya Shillong 22,429 km2 2,964,007 English Shillong 11 132 /km2 75.48 20.08 986 1970
Mizoram Aizawl 21,081 km2 1,091,014 Mizo Aizawl 8 52 /km2 91.58 51.51 975 1972
Nagaland Kohima 16,579 km2 1,980,602 English Dimapur 11 119 /km2 80.11 28.97 931 1963
Odisha Bhubaneswar 155,707 km2 41,947,358 Oriya Bhubaneswar,
Cuttack,
Brahmapur
Town,
Raurkela,
Puri
Town
30 269 /km2 73.45 16.68 978 1948
Punjab Chandigarh 50,362 km2 27,704,236 Punjabi Ludhiana,
Amritsar,
Jalandhar,
Patiala,
Bathinda
22 550 /km2 76.68 37.49 893 1966
Rajasthan Jaipur 342,239 km2 68,621,012 Hindi Jaipur,
Jodhpur,
Kota,
Bikaner,
Ajmer
33 201 /km2 67.06 24.89 926 1948
Sikkim Gangtok 7,096 km2 607,688 Nepali Gangtok 4 86 /km2 82.2 24.97 889 1975
Tamil Nadu Chennai 130,058 km2 72,138,958 Tamil Chennai,
Coimbatore,
Madurai,
Tiruchirappalli,
Salem
32 555 /km2 80.33 48.45 995 1969
Telangana Hyderabad 114,840 km2 3,52,86,757 Telugu, Urdu Hyderabad,
Warangal
10 310/km2 66.46% 38.64% 988 2014
Tripura Agartala 10,486 km2 3,671,032 Bengali
and
Kokborok
Agartala 8 350 /km2 87.75 26.18 961 1956
Uttar Pradesh Lucknow 240,928 km2 199,581,477 Hindi Lucknow,
Kanpur,
Ghaziabad,
Agra,
Meerut
75 828 /km2 69.72 22.28 908 1937
Uttarakhand Dehradun 53,483 km2 10,116,752 Hindi Dehradun,
Hardwar,
Haldwani
and
Kathgodam,
Rudrapur
13 189 /km2 79.63 30.55 963 2000
West Bengal Kolkata 88,752 km2 91,347,736 Bengali Kolkata,
Haora,
Durgapur,
Asansol,
Siliguri
23 1,029 /km2 77.08 31.89 947 1947
Union Territories Capital Area Population Official Languages LargestCities Districts
/Admin
divisions
Population Density Literacy Rate% Urban Pop.
%
Sex Ratio Estb
Year
Andaman and
Nicobar
Islands
Port Blair 8,249 km2 379,944 English Port Blair 3 46 /km2 86.27 35.67 878 1956
Chandigarh Chandigarh 114 km2 1,054,686 Punjabi Chandigarh 1 9,252 /km2 86.43 97.25 818 1966
Dadar and
Nagar
Haveli
Silvassa 491 km2 342,853 English Silvassa 1 698 /km2 77.65 46.62 775 1944
Daman and
Diu
Daman 112 km2 242,911 Konkani,
Marathi
and
Gujarati
Daman 2 2,169 /km2 87.07 75.16 618 1987
Delhi Delhi 11,297 km2 16,753,235 Hindi,
Punjabi
and
Urdu
Delhi 9 11,297 /km2 86.34 97.50 866 1952
Lakshadweep Kavaratti 32 km2 64,429 English Kavaratti 1 2,013 /km2 92.28 78.08 946
Puducherry Pondicherry 479 km2 1,244,464 Tamil,
English
Ozhukarai, Puducherry 4 2598 /km2 86.55 68.31 1038 1954

Maps and Information on Cities of India

 

City Population (Census 2011) Area (sq kms) Interesting Facts about Indian Cities
Mumbai 18414288 603 Financial capital of the country.
Delhi 11007835 1484 Political capital through antiquity, medieval and modern India.
Kolkata 14617882 1886 Port city on the east coast of India is one of the most densely populated areas.
Chennai 4681087 1189 Hub of the Indian automobile industry.
8,474, 970 742 Also known as India’s Silicon Valley for its IT industry.
Hyderabad 6809970 650 Known for its old world nawabi culture and biotechnology industry.
Jaipur 3073350 11117 Known as the Pink City for its palaces and royal culture. One of India’s top tourist destinations.
Jabalpur 1054336 5211 Army Headquarters for five central Indian states located here.
Agra 1727275 188 India’s top tourist destination and home to the Taj Mahal.
Varanasi 1201815 1550 The oldest Indian city and Hindu pilgrim spot.
Lucknow 2815601 850 Former cultural capital of north India. Known for its silk fabric and nawabi cuisine.
Kanpur 2767031 1640 Important center for heavy industry, technology and food processing in north India.
Allahabad 1117094 5424 Former name was “Prayag”, one of the oldest Indian cities. Today also known as city of prime ministers as half of Indian Prime minister either belonged to the city or got elected from here.
Ahmedabad 5570585 464 Textile city in Gujarat, also known as the “Manchester of the East.”
Chandigarh 960787 114 City with the highest per capita income in the country.
Amritsar 1132761 Home to the Golden Temple and a top Sikh pilgrimage.
Aizawl 291822 457 Largest city in Mizoram with a literacy rate of 88%.
Bhopal 1795648 698 One of India’s greenest industrial cities.
Bhubaneshwar 837737 419 City of temples in east India is situated at the site of the ancient Kalinga.
Bhilai 625697 119 India’s steel city. Has a literacy rate of 87%.
Coimbatore 1061447 246 Known as ‘Manchester of India” Hub of cotton textile industry.
Darjeeling 132016 11 Himalayan city in north West Bengal. Famous for its tea plantations.
Dehradun 578420 —— Capital of Uttarakhand and has an average literacy rate of 89%.
Faridabad 1404653 2151 Largest city in Haryana. Known for its industries.
Ghaziabad 1636068 2590 (area of Ghaziabad district) With a literacy rate of 93%, it is UP’s most industrialized city.
Noida 642381 203 One of the planned industrial cities in UP.
Guwahati 963429 556 Largest city in Assam and the largest metro area in north-east India.
Gwalior 1053505 362 Historic city in central India, known for its strategic location and now a hub of education in the region.
Gurgaon 876824 1253 (area of Gurgaon district) Haryana’s Millennial city ranks very high on per capita income.
Haridwar 225235 13 Pilgrim city in Uttarakhand. Famous as the venue of the Kumbh Mela.
Imphal 264986 29.57 Capital of Manipur. Has a literacy rate of 91% which is higher than the national average.
Jalandhar 862196 3401 Hub of sports goods manufacture in the country
Jammu 503690 Winter capital of Jammu and Kashmir and home to the popular Vaishno Devi pilgrimage.
Jamshedpur 629659 149 India’s first planned industrial city. Famous for its iron and steel industry.
Jhansi 507293 167 Gateway to the Bundelkhand region in central India.
Kochi 601574 95 Port city on the west coast of India and the most densely populated city of Kerala.
Kozhikode 432097 128 Ancient city of Spices and now one of the best residential cities in India
Ludhiana 1613878 310 Largest city in Punjab and a major industrial city in north India.
Madurai 1016885 148 One of the oldest cities in the world. An important cultural and education hub in south Tamil Nadu.
Meerut 1309023 272 The city has the second largest army cantonment and is an educational hub in western Uttar Pradesh.
Mysore 887446 129 Cultural capital of Karnataka. Known for its silk and paintings.
Nagpur 2405421 217 One of the cleanest cities in the country. Known as a trade center for oranges.
Nashik 1486973 264 City on the Western Ghats , known for its pleasant climate and wine industry.
Nellore 505258 13076 (area of the Nellore district) One of the fastest developing cities in Andhra Pradesh and is known for its agricultural products such as rice and jowar.
Patna 1683200 210 Ancient seat of learning and the modern capital of Bihar.
Pune 3115431 244 Largest city in the western Ghats. An educational hub of the area and a growing industrial city.
Raipur 1010087 226 Capital of Chhattisgarh. Has a literacy rate of 87%.
Rajahmundry 343903 212 On the banks of the river Godavari, it is one of the biggest cloth and bullion markets of the country.
Rajkot 1286995 170 With an average literacy of 80%, it is one of the fastest growing cities of Gujarat.
Ranchi 1073440 175 Capital of Jharkhand and with a literacy rate of 77%, one of the industrialized cities of the country.
Ratlam 264810 39 One of the best cities to buy gold in the country.
Solapur 951118 149 Top industrial city of Maharastra
Srinagar 1192792 294 Capital of J&K, on the banks of the river Jhelum, and famous for its natural Himalayan beauty.
Surat 4462002 326 Fastest growing city in the country known for its diamond business.
Siliguri 509709 42 Biggest city in north Bengal and an important transit hub for north east India.
Thiruvanthapuram 752490 214 Largest city in Kerala. Known educational hub and IT destination in the country.
Vishakhapatnam 1730320 544 Important port city on the southeast coast of the country.
Thane 1818872 147 Mumbai’s most populated suburb.